Textile ecology consists of four sectors: production ecology, human ecology, performance ecology and disposal ecology.
examines the impact of production processes on people and environment, e.g. occupational health and safety, material, water and energy consumption, waste water and waste treatment as well as generation of dust and noise.
Human ecology deals with the impact of textiles and their chemical ingredients on the health and well-being of humans.
Performance ecology comes in at the usage phase of textile products. It examines the environmental impact of washing, cleaning and caring for textiles.
Analyses the problems connected with disposal, reuse, recycling and removal (thermal recycling or landfill) of textiles.